The theory of vital energies in Ayurveda: the three Doshas

Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the three Doshas, the three vital energies in the ayurvedic medicineVata, Pitta and Kapha are the three Doshas, the three vital energies in the ayurvedic medicine. Each Dosha combines two of the "Five Basic Elements" one of which predominates.

The three Doshas are responsible for all the physiological and psychological processes in our body and mind.

In fact, the three Doshas are not separated energies, but the different aspects of the same energy. They keep changing andare each other in constant balance. Imbalanced Doshas may cause physical and psychological disorders. The ayurvedic doctor will then seek to rebalance the Doshas. In case a Dosha worsens, he will “reduce”, “soothe” or “strengthen” it.





Qualities of the Doshas



Vata, air and ether (or space):
Light, cold, dry, rough, subtle, mobile, clear, dispersant, inconstant, and astringent. On the individual basis, these trends indicate: creativity, enthusiasm, liberty, generosity, happiness, vitality. On the organic level, Vata is linked to the motor function, heartbeats, inhalation and exhalation, stimulation of digestive juices.

Pitta, fire and water:
Light, hot, oily, sharp, liquid, sour, biting. On the individual basis, these trends indicate: ambition, concentration, confidence, courage, thirst for knowledge, happiness, and intelligence. On the organic level, Pitta is linked to digestion, food absorption, maintenance of the body temperature, and eyes and skin radiance.

Kapha, water and earth: Heavy, cold, oily, slow, viscous, dense, soft, static, sweet. On the individual basis, these trends indicate: attention, concentration, compassion, faith, accomplishment, patience, stability, tenderness.On the organic level, Kapha is linked to the softness of the body, warmth distribution, strength and endurance, sleep and longevityEven if each dosha shares a quality with another, there are differences at the root of those qualities. For example, Vata and Kapha are both cold, but Vata is a dry cold, and Kapha is humid.




dosha bebe

Physiognomic particularities



dosha physionomique

Your physical appearance according to the doshas



dosha physique


Your psychological characteristics



dosha physiologique